1. Forces and motion
  2. Electricity
  3. Waves
  4. Energy resources and energy transfer
  5. Solids, liquids and gases
  6. Magnetism and electromagnetism
  7. Radioactivity and particles


  1. Prefixes
  2. Electrical circuit symbols
  3. Physical Units


  1. Definition of terms in practical questions
  2. Practical overview
  3. Method and Measurement
  4. Graphs


Syllabus content at a glance

Candidates study the following topics.

  1. Characteristics and classification of living organisms

1.1 Characteristics of living organisms

1.2 Concept and use of a classification system

1.3 Features of organisms

1.4 Dichotomous keys

  1. Organisation of the organism

2.1 Cell structure and organisation

2.2 Levels of organisation

2.3 Size of specimens

  1. Movement in and out of cells

3.1 Diffusion

3.2 Osmosis

3.3 Active transpor

4. Biological molecules

5. Enzymes

  1. Plant nutrition

6.1 Photosynthesis

6.2 Leaf structure

6.3 Mineral requirements

  1. Human nutrition

7.1 Diet

7.2 Alimentary canal

7.3 Mechanical digestion

7.4 Chemical digestion

7.5 Absorption

  1. Transport in plants

8.1 Transport in plants

8.2 Water uptake

8.3 Transpiration

8.4 Translocation (Extended candidates only)

  1. Transport in animals

9.1 Transport in animals

9.2 Heart

9.3 Blood and lymphatic vessels

9.4 Blood

  1. Diseases and immunity
  2. Gas exchange in humans
  3. Respiration

12.1 Respiration

12.2 Aerobic respiration

12.3 Anaerobic respiration

13. Excretion in humans

14. Coordination and response

14.1 Nervous control in humans

14.2 Sense organs

14.3 Hormones in humans

14.4 Homeostasis

14.5 Tropic responses

  1. Drugs

15.1 Drugs

15.2 Medicinal drugs

15.3 Misused drugs

  1. Reproduction

16.1 Asexual reproduction

16.2 Sexual reproduction

16.3 Sexual reproduction in plants

16.4 Sexual reproduction in humans

16.5 Sex hormones in humans

16.6 Methods of birth control in humans

16.7 Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

  1. Inheritance

17.1 Inheritance

17.2 Chromosomes, genes and proteins

17.3 Mitosis

17.4 Meiosis

17.5 Monohybrid inheritance

  1. Variation and selection

18.1 Variation

18.2 Adaptive features

18.3 Selection

  1. Organisms and their environment

19.1 Energy flow

19.2 Food chains and food webs

19.3 Nutrient cycles

19.4 Population size

  1. Biotechnology and genetic engineering

20.1 Biotechnology and genetic engineering

20.2 Biotechnology

20.3 Genetic engineering

  1. Human influences on ecosystems

21.1 Food supply

21.2 Habitat destruction

21.3 Pollution

21.4 Conservation 


Section 1: Principles of Chemistry
Section 2: Chemistry of the Elements
Section 3: Organic Chemistry
Section 4: Physical Chemistry
Section 5: Chemistry in Industry

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